The study of the past of a human being is known as Anthropology. It discovers all the human history from social and biological science, humanities and natural science. Anthropologists focus on the environment of human biology to understand how humans adapt themselves to different ecological circumstances and how they differ as species. An anthropologist also works with scientists from other study areas such as public health, agronomy, zoology, and botany. The study of anthropology is an interesting one. Some Anthropologists unearth the archaeology of earliest cultures to discover what our ancestors did and how they survived.
There are four traditional partitions in Anthropology in United States: Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Archeology, and Biological Anthropology. In Europe Anthropology study is originally defined as the study of social organization.
The study of anthropology can be classified as under:
• Linguistic Anthropology— It is the study of human communication, verbal and non-verbal, difference in language across time and space, the communal uses of verbal communications, and the connection between language and traditions. In general concern Anthropology is used to understand the control, disparity, and social change, mainly as these are built and represented through language and dialogue.
• SocioCultural Anthropology— It is a combination of the study of social and cultural anthropology. Social Anthropology is the study of human relationship, and Cultural Anthropology means to understand the culture and tradition of human values. sociocultural anthropologists consists of areas such as health, occupation, biology and environment, culture, agriculture and development, and communal change.
• Archeology— Archaeology also is considered to be categorized under Anthropology. Archeology deals with the study about past peoples by analysis and records, improvement of historical materials and historical facts like landscapes and bio-facts. Archeology is the learning of human action in past. More than 99% of the history of humanity has occurred in prehistoric cultures. They did not use any writing techniques and hence left no written records of themselves. Hieroglyphics was used a little later. The only way to learn about prehistoric societies before and after the age of hieroglyphics is the study of archaeology.
• Biological Anthropology — Biological Anthropology focuses on the study of human’s behavior in their genetic, evolutionary, and demographic scope, on how biological and traditional processes work together to figure development, progress and activities, and what causes disease and early death. To understand these processes, biological anthropologists study other primates, the fossil record, prehistoric people, and the genetics of existing populations.
Anthropologists work together closely with people whose civilizing patterns and processes we seek to know. The study of people, past and present, requires value for the diversity of persons, cultures, societies, and information systems, anthropologists are expected to stick to a strong code of specialized ethics.